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Child Protection Information for Community, Family and
Child Protection Professionals
Best Practice Guides | Fact Sheets and Resource Listings | Child Abduction Response Team (CART) Information | Resources for Families and Community | First Responder Resources (Telecommunications, Patrol) | Investigative Resources | International Program Information | Prosecutors and Judges
Best Practice Guides
AMBER Alert Best Practices Guide
Best practices that have enhanced the ability of law enforcement and other AMBER Alert partners and stakeholders to safely recover missing and abducted children.
Field Guide for Law Enforcement Officers
Provides high-level information on law enforcement's investigative response in relation to incidents of endangered missing and abducted children, and the AMBER Alert Process. The resource discusses key areas for further training, preparation and scenario/skill-based assessment.
Guide for Implementing or Enhancing an Endangered Missing Advisory (EMA)
Detailed information on the EMA’s background, effective use and important considerations for strategic implementation as one tool for notifying the public in endangered missing cases.
Fact Sheets and Resource Listings
AMBER Alert Training and Technical Assistance Opportunities
An overview of training and technical assistance offerings with course descriptions.
AMBER Alert Training and Technical Assistance Program Fact Sheet
A high-level summary of AATTAP program efforts and outcomes since inception.
Child Abduction Response Team (CART) Information
Certified Child Abduction Response Teams (CARTs)
A listing of certified CART Programs organized chronologically by date of certification.
Child Abduction Response Team (CART) Certification Manual
A guide for CART programs wishing to prepare for and receive CART certification from AATTAP and the US DOJ.
Child Abduction Response Team (CART) Program Implementation Guide
A guide for agencies on how to develop, implement and maintain an effective CART program.
Child Abduction Response Team (CART) Certification Video
What goes into becoming a certified CART? Watch the video highlighting a recent CART Certification.
Resources for Families and Community
Child Sex Trafficking - Las Vegas Study Infographic
Child sex trafficking has been found in every state in the United States and is a serious public and mental health concern. Victims of child sex trafficking report significant health, mental health, and social problems and their support and treatment needs are complex.
El Paso, Texas: Community Response to Human Traﬃcking Symposium Report
The Texas Governor’s Office, in collaboration with local, state, and national partners, held a Community Response to Human Trafficking Symposium in El Paso, Texas. The symposium was intended to collect information from key community stakeholders regarding the region’s current response to human trafficking including; existing protocols, available resources, and priority needs. The stakeholders were identified by the Texas Governor’s Office and local partners and invited to participate in a one-day event.
State of Louisiana Child Sex Traﬃcking Project Report
The Louisiana Governor’s Office in collaboration with national, state and local partners held a series of nine Regional Community Response to Human Trafficking Symposiums from November 2017 through March 2018. The symposiums were intended to collect information from key community/system stakeholders regarding the regions’ existing services available to human trafficking victims, existing protocols dictating the handling of human trafficking victims, and the overall community response for these victims.
Going To and From School More Safely
Millions of kids ride a bike, take the bus or walk to school every day. Help get them to and from school more safely by following this checklist.
Missing Child Emergency Response: A Quick Reference Guide for Families
Published by NCMEC. A checklist of important actions and considerations for families when a child goes missing.
Project ChildSafe® is a nationwide educational program that promotes the safe storage of firearms in the home. The program raises awareness about firearms safety by distributing gun locks and educational material to gun owners.
Protecting Tribal Youth from Abduction
An overview of threats to the health, wellness, and safety of tribal youth which can put them at risk of becoming missing or being abducted, in order to build awareness and increase prevention efforts.
(Spanish Language Resource) Sexual Exploitation and Forced Labor - Know Your Rights
This pamphlet has been created to identify and educate victims of human trafficking about sexual or labor exploitation and forced labor. If you know someone or if you are a victim of sexual or labor exploitation and forced labor - this information is necessary for you. The National Line Against Human Trafficking is an organization that is fighting to defend human and labor rights.
What About Me? Coping with the Abduction of a Brother or Sister
A guide for siblings of children who go missing, written from the insights of young people who have experienced a missing or abducted brother or sister.
When Your Child Is Missing: A Family Survival Guide
Published by the US DOJ-OJJDP, this document was developed with and from the experiences and insights of families who have experienced first-hand the trauma of a missing child, and who want to help other parents facing the same overpowering loss.
Additional Victim and Family Support Services from NCMEC
The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) provides a wide range of support services for victims and their families including peer support, reunification assistance, and mental health referrals.
First Responder Resources (Telecommunications, Patrol)
APCO ANS 1.101: Standard for Public Safety Telecommunicators When Responding to Calls of Missing, Abducted and Sexually Exploited Children
Best practices, model policy and call intake protocols for 911/Emergency Dispatch personnel and patrol first responders when responding to missing and abducted child incidents.
Checklist for Public Safety Telecommunicators When Responding to Calls Pertaining to Missing, Abducted and Sexually Exploited Children
Published by NCMEC in collaboration with AATTAP, the US DOJ-OJJDP and other partners, this 911/Emergency Dispatch Checklist can be used as an operational companion resource to the APCO ANS 1.101.
Effective Use of the National Crime Information Center Database With Missing-Child Incidents
A Reference Guide for Public Safety Telecommunications Personnel in swift yet comprehensive and accurate use of the NCIC system to build, update and manage records in missing and abducted child cases.
Investigative Checklist for First Responders
Published by NCMEC in collaboration with OJJDP and AMBER Alert. An operational checklist for first responders in missing and abducted child cases.
Model Policy for Missing and Abducted Children
Model policy published by NCMEC for law enforcement response to missing child incidents.
Model Policy Addendum for Special Needs Missing Children
An addition to the model policy published by NCMEC for law enforcement response to missing child incidents, focusing on important considerations for missing children with special needs.
Protecting At-Risk Tribal Youth
From AMBER Alert, a pocket guide for law enforcement first responders working in tribal communities designed to help determine when a child is at risk for victimization.
Law Enforcement Field Response Checklists: Patrol, Investigative, Supervisory
Learn more about a series of law enforcement field response checklists for use in endangered missing and abducted child incidents. Download both full and condensed versions of checklists for patrol officers, investigators and supervisory officers.
Patrol First Response Checklist
A basic first response checklist for patrol officers when responding to the scene or family home of an endangered missing or abducted child.
Investigative Officer Response Checklist
A basic checklist for investigative officers when responding to the scene or family home of an endangered missing or abducted child.
Supervisory Officer Response Checklist
A basic checklist for supervising officers when responding to the scene or family home of an endangered missing or abducted child.
Long-Term Missing Guide for Law Enforcement
Strategies for finding long-term missing children.
Missing and Abducted Children: A Law Enforcement Guide to Case Investigation and Program Management
Published by NCMEC, 3rd Edition, 2006. A guide to assist law enforcement in investigating missing and abducted children cases.
Missing Children, State Care and Child Sex Trafficking: Engaging the Judiciary in Building a Collaborative Response
Published by the US DOJ-OJJDP, NCMEC, and the NCJFCJ. Examines the relationships between runaways and other vulnerable youth, the scope and nature of the crime of child sex trafficking, and important preventative steps law enforcement and the judiciary can take when involved with juvenile justice proceedings.
NCMEC Child Sex Trafficking Case Resources for Law Enforcement
Published by NCMEC, a summary sheet of law enforcement resources available from NCMEC and for which NCMEC can provide operational support.
President's Interagency Task Force: Report on U.S. Government Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons
This report reflects the work of the President’s Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (PITF) as accomplished from October 1, 2017 through September 30, 2019.
International Program Information
A Law Enforcement Guide on International Parental Kidnapping
International parental kidnappings know neither boundaries nor borders. Children are wrongfully taken daily—often by a family member. This guide is for local, state, and federal law enforcement officers who are called upon to respond to the unlawful removal or retention of a child outside of the United States.
Rapid Emergency Child Alert System Framework: AMBER Alert Europe and International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children
Information on developing a framework for a Rapid Emergency Child Alert System, authored by AMBER Alert Europe and International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children.
Prosecutors and Judges
No Fee Online Course through the National Judicial College
Effectively Communicating with Families of Missing or Abducted Children is an hour-long self-study course created in collaboration with the National Judicial College to guide judges in improving the outcomes and experiences for victims and family members who must navigate the justice system as a result of the crimes to which they've been exposed.
Research and Analytics on Endangered, Exploited, Trafficked, Missing and Abducted Children
2018 AMBER Alert Report, National Center for Missing & Exploited Children®
An analysis of AMBER Alert Cases as of end-year 2018, as developed by NCMEC.
Trick Roll Study: Forced Criminality in Sex Trafficking Situations
From Arizona State University's Office of Sex Trafficking Intervention Research (ASU-STIR), Published January 2020: Criminal records of sex trafficking victims are known barriers to exiting sex trafficking situations. With the purpose of exploring forced criminality, this study examined 467 trick roll cases which are robberies conducted in a prostitution situation perpetrated by the sex seller, during one year in Las Vegas, Nevada.
2020 Youth Experiences Survey
The Youth Experiences Survey (YES) is a tool that has been developed and utilized to gain a deeper understanding of the life experiences of homeless young adults, ages 18 to 25. The YES has been administered through four partnering social service agencies for the last seven consecutive years in the state of Arizona. The purpose of the YES study was to determine the gaps in service needs for this particularly vulnerable population and explore how prevalent sex and labor exploitation was as a result of these vulnerabilities. The findings from the YES study have been groundbreaking, providing empirical evidence to demonstrate that homeless persons in the state of Arizona are uniquely vulnerable to sexual and labor exploitation while trying to secure access to basic needs. The year 2020 has presented unique challenges. The COVID-19 pandemic created additional critical barriers to providing services to the most vulnerable clients.
2019 Youth Experiences Survey
The Youth Experiences Survey (YES) is a study of the experiences of homeless young adults in Arizona that has been conducted for the past six years, from 2014 to 2019. The YES focuses on how the life experiences of Arizona’s homeless young adults (ages 18-25) increases their risk of experiencing human trafficking. The study was conducted in partnership with four agencies from Phoenix and Tucson that provide direct services to homeless persons: Native American Connections, UMOM, one.n.ten of Phoenix, and Our Family Services of Tucson. The findings from the YES study have consistently provided insight into the challenges and needs of Arizona’s homeless young adults to better target needed services as well as the first of its kind knowledge of the scope of the sex and labor exploitation of this population in Arizona.
2018 Youth Experiences Survey
The Youth Experiences Survey (YES) is a study of the experiences of homeless young adults in Arizona that has been conducted for the past five years, from 2014 to 2018. The YES study focuses on how the life experiences of Arizona’s homeless young adults increases their risk for experiencing human trafficking. The study was conducted in partnership with four agencies from Phoenix and Tucson that provide direct services to homeless persons: Native American Connections, UMOM, one.n.ten of Phoenix, and Our Family Services of Tucson. The findings from the YES study has provided insight about the challenges and needs of Arizona’s homeless young adults to better target needed services as well as the first of its kind knowledge of the scope of the sex and labor exploitation of this population in Arizona.
2017 Youth Experiences Survey
The Youth Experiences Survey (YES) (4-year study) has been given to a complex and difficult population to assess. Homeless runaway young adults (ages 18 to 25) are difficult to find and can be difficult to engage and there is limited knowledge about their needs and experiences. Given to homeless young adults in both Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona through a small web of homeless youth-targeted service providers, the survey explores their experiences and service needs. Findings have helped to provide insight to service providers and the community about the challenges and needs of Arizona’s homeless young adults, and provides the Arizona community with rich data about the scope and complexity of their needs and challenges, including the sex trafficking experiences of these young people.
Analysis of Attempted Abductions Trends, 2005-2010
An analysis of 5,500+ incidents known to NCMEC and confirmed with law enforcement spanning a period from February 1, 2005 – December 31, 2010.
Case Management for Missing Children Homicide Investigation
Published by the Washington State AG and the US DOJ-OJJDP, this resource details critically-important investigative implications from research on child abduction homicide cases for those responding to missing and abducted child cases.
Child Victims of Stereotypical Kidnappings Known to Law Enforcement in 2011
OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin, June 2016. Summarizes findings on the incidence and characteristics of stereotypical kidnappings of children in 2011 and compares them with 1997 findings.
Emancipated Missing Children Project
Published by AMBER Alert in collaboration with the Florida Department of Law Enforcement, this this benchmark report addresses questions regarding what happens to children who went missing and were still missing once they did or would have become adults.
Residential Child Abduction Cases
Published by the FBI; November 15, 2017. By Joy Shelton, Mark Hilts, M.S., and Mark MacKizer, M.S.
The FBI’s Behavioral Analysis Unit–3 (BAU–3), which addresses crimes against children, analyzed 32 cases of residential child abduction. The findings offer insight to law enforcement officers who handle these cases and initially must consider all potential scenarios, including those involving an intruder.
Sex Trafficking at the U.S. Borders: Victim Characteristics
The United States has seen a powerful resurgence of concern regarding its border security in recent years. An intersecting issue within border security is that of human trafficking. Issues involving people moving through U.S. international borders and ports of entry are often seen and treated as immigration or human smuggling issues. Human trafficking, specifically sex trafficking of persons is separated from human smuggling with distinctive legislation, victim profiles, and available services. This report details findings through analysis of the issue at the Mexican and Canadian borders, as well as across the U.S. and provides valuable insights through victim narratives.
Sex Offender Management: Notification and Reporting
National Guidelines for Sex Offender Registration and Notification
The Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (“SORNA” or “the Act”), which is title I of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 (P.L. 109-248), provides a new comprehensive set of minimum standards for sex offender registration and notification in the United States. These Guidelines are issued to provide guidance and assistance to covered jurisdictions—the 50 States, the District of Columbia, the principal U.S. territories, and Indian tribal governments—in implementing the SORNA standards in their registration and notification programs.
Sex Offender Management Assessment and Planning Initiative
Simple questions do not always have easy answers. For example, the answers to, “How many sex offenses are committed each year?” and “How great is an individual’s lifetime risk of being a victim of a sex
crime?” vary greatly depending on the source consulted. Even with the best sources of data, it is extremely difficult to estimate the actual number of sex crimes committed because of low levels of reporting. Sex crimes are not only often unreported, they are often unseen by anyone other than the victim and perpetrator.